Al-Hasan al- ‘Askari attempted to hide the fact of the birth of his son from everyone but his closest friends. Al-Mansoor, who had his own ideas and reasons for offering the post, lost his temper and accused the Imam of lying. He was born in Rajab 150 A.H. "If I am lying," the Imam said, "then my statement is doubly correct. Fiqah or Islamic Law was systematically studied by his students under his expert guidance. After accumlating knowledge from numerous scholars in Baghdad, he journeyed to Kufa, Basra, Makka, Madina, Yemen, Syria, Jazira in order to increase his knowledge of Ahadith. It was in 204 A.H., only after he had reached the age of 40, that Imam Ahmad Hambal (ra) started conducting lessons and delivering lectures. {M.A.R.K.}. He left behind a large number of dedicated students in Makka, Baghdad and Egypt. For days, people came in large numbers to pay their respects at the grave side. He had memorized uncountable ahadith and had acquired unequaled excellence in the knowledge of fiqh in a very short time. His father was Thabit. Being a devotee of the Sunnah, and an opposer of Bid'at it fell upon the shoulders of Imam Hambal (ra) to oppose this doctrine vigorously. In Makka his tutor was Sufyan bin Ainiyyah. 4 (1): 31–43. Ibn Mas'ud stayed in Madina but was later ordered to reside in Kufa. These 7 were the centre of Ilm-e-Fiqah and Hadith in Madina. During Hadith lessons if anyone raised his voice, he would reprimand him and quote the Qura'nic verse ... adding that the command was applicable even now. Nu’man bin Thabit, famously known as Abu Hanifah, is the first of the four Imams. Later he also attended the classes of Imam Muhammad (another prominent pupil of Imam Abu Hanifa (ra)). As an authentic hadith says that a mujtahid will be given two rewards if his opinion is correct and one reward if his opinion is wrong. At 15 with the permission of his SHAIKH - Muslim bin Khalid Zanji (the Mufti of Makka) - he started issuing fatwas. IMAM MAALIK IBN ANAS (ra) - POLITICAL ERA Allama ibn Qayyim (ra) states that the promotion of Deen, Fiqah, and Ilm in the Ummah is due to the students of Ibn Mas'ud, Zaid bin Thabit, Ibn Umar and Ibn Abbas (ra). He wore a silver ring with a stone and engraved was 'Hasbun'Allahu wa Ne'mal Wakeel'. Imam Shafi'ee remained in Baghdad as a student of Imam Muhammad for over three years to add further to his knowledge of Islamic Law. IMAM ABU HANEEFA (80 AH - 150 A.H. 699 AD - 767 AD) Name : Noaman Born in 80 AH, in the period of Abdul Malik bin Marwan in Kufa. The Concept of Prayer and Faith Healing in Islam Yusuf Adekunle Imam Adeleke University Faculty of Arts Department of Religious Studies E-mail: kunle66@gmail.com Phone: 08033708517; 08150464532 Abstract This world makes living very unstable. { M.A.R.K. } He was an extremely generous personality who on numerous occasions gave away all he possessed to the poor and needy. He was greatly attracted to the study of Islamic Law and devoted his entire interest to the subject after completing his primary education. More than 50,000 people participated in the first Janaza Salaat. He also has the honor of being a student of the great Imam Maalik. Wichita Kansas Imams. IMAM SHAFI'EE (ra) Fill the form below and our representative will be in touch with you. The unit of analysis will be sermons of Muslim clerics. 2. He never answered the call of nature within the perimeter of the Haram, except during illness or some Uzar. Hazrat Naafe' had served his master for nearly 30 years. Imams reach out to youth, inspire them in peaceful pursuits, and teach them the correct understanding of Islam—in the hopes that they will not fall prey to misguided teachings and resort to violence. He had an enormous interest in the subject of Islamic law which he studied as a major. His death He like Imam Shafi’s also memorized Quran at an early age. His pupils compiled his works, Fatwas, teachings, etc., and promoted the Shafi'ee School of Fiqah. He started learning fiqh from the famous Hanafi scholar Qadhi Abu Yusuf but later discontinued the study of fiqh in favor of hadith. Ubaidullah ibn Uttba ibn Mas'ud, Died 98 A.H. He lost his father during infancy and was raised by his mother under very poor circumstances. IMAM ABU HANIFA (ra) Nu'man bin Thabit ibn Zauti,- well known in Islamic History as 'Imam Abu Hanifa' and 'Imam Azam' - was the son of a Persian merchant. 4 The Shiite Concept of Imam... Saad Serhan/Getty Images News/Getty Images . [b] Imam Shafi'ee is the Mujaddid of Deen. In those days, the Hajj season was the best means of spreading and deriving Islamic knowledge as Muslims from every corner of the Islamic world assembled in Makka. He established a school at Kufa, which later became a famous College of Theology. The Shafi'ee School of Thought emerged from these students who propagated the views and rulings of the Imam through their writings and preachings. During his advancing years, he never went out of Madina - hoping to be buried therein. Prosiding Seminar Pengurusan Islam: Ke Arah Pemantapan Ummah, dalam Ahmad Irdha Mokhtar dan Zulkefli Aini, Jabatan Pengajian Dakwah dan Kepimpinan, Fakulti Pengajian Islam, UKM, Bangi, Selangor. Nu'man bin Thabit ibn Zauti,- well known in Islamic History as 'Imam Abu Hanifa' and 'Imam Azam' - was the son of a Persian merchant. Realizing that the end was near, the Imam prostrated in prayer and passed away in this condition in the month of Rajab, 150 A.H. These kind of people are sometimes jealous of the ones who live a happy and stress-free life and as a result they cast the evil eye. The Imam was also keenly interested in education. Muslim bin Khalid who had noticed his remarkable intelligence, etc., advised him to study Fiqah. It is usually taken in terms of leadership. }. His title is 'Naasirun Sunnah'. (ra). For all Shiites, the imams are direct descendants of Ali and Muhammad through Fatima. (M.A.R.K.). 27. He is the Only Imam who is related to Rasulullah (saw). Just like any leader is the role model for the followers, an Imam is also the role model for any Muslim community. He spent three years with the Shaikh, until the age of 13. Madina was the most important centre of knowledge as scholars flocked to the City to pay their respects to Rasulullah (saw). Today we stand nowhere without consulting the opinion of the respectable imams in the matters of Islamic jurisprudence. He never at any time performed Jumma without Ghusal. Kufa was founded in 17 A.H. by Hazrat Umar ibn Khattab (ra) the 2nd Khalif. Imam Shafi'ee (RAH) was born in Ghazza, Syria in 150 A.H. (765 A.C.) He was honoured as Al-Imaamul Mujaddid in that he is the Mujaddid of the 2nd century. He wore a silver ring with a stone and engraved was 'Hasbun'Allahu wa Ne'mal Wakeel'. He was greatly attracted to the study of Islamic Law and devoted his entire interest to the subject after completing his primary education. Add Comment ©Shutterstock . However, the majority of the Muslims see Imam as an appointment of Muslim leadership. Their unanimous ruling was the basis of any verdict in the court of Madina in matters of Fiqah. Being a prominent figure, his lectures attracted a huge gathering of at least 5,000 students among whom nearly 500 took down notes daily. The Imam had mastered both Maliki and Hanafi Fiqah. trimmed moustache above/edge of the lip. 4. Home islam Lives of the 4 Imams : Ahmad ibn Hanbal – Part 2 – Lives of the 4 Imams : Ahmad ibn Hanbal – Part 2 – I Like This Unlike 0 Please Login to Vote Imam Ahmad Hambal (ra) completed Hifz of the Qur'an at an early age. His ancestral home was in Yemen, but his great grandfather - Aamir - settled in Madina after embracing Islam. IMAM MAALIK IBN ANAS (ra) - ORIGIN OF MALIKI FIQAH These included Hazrat Abdulla ibn Ma'sood, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Ammar, Huzaifa & Abu Moosa etc. Imam Hambal (ra) died after a short illness in Baghdad, on Friday evening, 12 Rabi-ul-Awwal, 241 A.H. (855 A.C.) at the age of 77 years. Allama ibn Qayyim (ra) states that the promotion of Deen, Fiqah, and Ilm in the Ummah is due to the students of Ibn Mas'ud, Zaid bin Thabit, Ibn Umar and Ibn Abbas (ra). Imam Shafi'ee completed Hifz at 7 and memorised Muatta at 10 years. His title is 'Naasirun Sunnah'. Creed of the Imam Hambal succumbed to the sufferings rather than deviate from the beliefs and practices of the Sunnah. The news of his death soon spread throughout Baghdad Al-Mansoor, who had his own ideas and reasons for offering the post, lost his temper and accused the Imam of lying. In his lifetime Imam Abu Hanifa is reputed to have performed fifty Hajj. The Four Imams: Information Sheettaken from www.ask-imam.com. This school was founded by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 855 A.D.) of Baghdad. History of four Imams of Islam – The Imam is an Arabic word which means ‘to stand in front of’. Later when Imam Shafi'ee came to Baghdad, Imam Hambal also joined him during the Imam's residence here and mastered from him Fiqah. Abu Abdullah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hambal Shaibani Al-Maruzi was of pure Arab descent whose ancestery joins Hazrat Ebrahim (as). Imam Malik was 86 years and had become quite weak, but he still continued to give lesson and issue fatwas. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, Died 108 A.H. Imam Hambal succumbed to the sufferings rather than deviate from the beliefs and practices of the Sunnah. In 199 A.H., he went to Egypt where he was received with much honour and respect. His seat in the Masjid-e-Nabawi was the same seat that was occupied by Hazrat Umar (ra). He completed Hifz of the Qur'an at the tender age of 7 years, and at the age of 13 memorized the Kitabul-Muatta of Imam Malik (ra). Tafseer Surah Shu"raa (part 9) Sh.Hilali. Imam Malik issued a fatwa in favour of these two and against the government. Here he delivered lectures on Islamic Law and related subjects. He was the first one to classify and compile the knowledge of fiqh. As stated above, shahada is closely associated with the concept of jihad. Imam Maalik ibn e Anas is the second of the four Imams. For days, people came in large numbers to pay their respects at the grave side. His early education was under the guidance of Imam Sha’afi and Imam Ahmed Ibn Hambal. Imam Abu Hanifa benefited from nearly 4,000 Shaikhs. Four Imams of Islam. Once his agent had sold a consignment of silk cloth on his behalf but forgot to mention a slight defect to the customers. Among his several works is the Encyclopaedia of Ahadith called Masnad, compiled by his son Abdulla from his lectures, and amplified by references to over 28,000 Ahadith. His is also the most widely followed school sof thought in the Muslim ummah, probably because he lived in the time closest to that of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and also had met many of his PBUH companions in person. Among the four Imams, Abu Hanifa has the largest number of followers even today in all parts of the world {M.A.R.K.}. Imam Abu Hanifah (ra) Imam Shafi (ra) Imam Malik bin Anas (ra) Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (ra) He remained here until his death. The best explanation of the word, hidaya has been offered by Imam Raghib al-Isfahani in his Mufradat al-Qur’an, according to which hidaya or guidance signifies leading someone towards his destination, gently and kindly. In his reply to Al-Mansoor, the Imam excused himself by saying that he did not regard himself fit for the post offered. IMAM MAALIK IBN ANAS (ra) He had the honour of occupying the home of Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (ra) and conducting lessons from the same spot where Rasulullah (saw) spent his time for I'tikaaf, in the Masjid-un-Nabi. All of the Imams met unnatural deaths, with the exception of the last Imam who, according to Twelver and Alevi belief, is living in occultation. His mother was a Yemeni of the famous Bani Azd tribe. No one should create any mathhab or deviation in Islam. He considered the shaver of moustache as Makrooh and a Mussla (disfigurer). Imam Shafi'ee (ra) too on the other hand relied very much on the knowledge of Ahadith and Sunnah which Imam Ahmad Hambal (ra) possessed. Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal also referred as “Sheikh ul-Islam” and the “Imam of Ahl al-Sunnah, was born in Baghdad in 164 A.H. When Mansoor came for Hajj, he visited Madina as well and treated the Imam with great respect. Now let us briefly discuss and enlighten ourselves about the lives of the respectable imams of Islam. History of four Imams of Islam – The Imam is an Arabic word which means ‘to stand in front of’. On his door was written 'Maa Sha Allah'. He was born in Kufa, Iraq - in the Year 80 A.H. Madina was the most important seat of Islamic learning as the immediate descendants of the Sahaba-e-Kiraam were inhabitants of the City. Later, whilst still a youngster he joined the Hadith classes of Naafe'. Baghdad being the Capital of the Muslim State was an important centre of learning during the Banu Abbas Era. In his lifetime Imam Abu Hanifa is reputed to have performed fifty Hajj. Imam Abu Hanifa is also a Tabi'ee = One who saw and benefited from at least one Sahabi. He studied Qira'at & Hadith for nearly ten years under Hazrat Naafe' the slave of Hazrat Abdullah ibn Umar (ra). Madina was the most important centre of knowledge as scholars flocked to the City to pay their respects to Rasulullah (saw). Comments: "I never came across a greater Alim of Kitabullah than Imam Muhammad (ra). He never answered the call of nature within the perimeter of the Haram, except during illness or some Uzar. He used to say, "How can I ride an animal whose feet tramples the ground in which lies resting of the Master (saw). At the age of 20, (170 A.H./785 A.C.) he went to Madina and became a student of Imam Malik (ra) who was greatly impressed with the young student who had memorized the Muatta. No Scholar more brilliant than Muhammad ibn Idris Shafi'ee ever came to me as a pupil. It was only after seventy Ulama certified him as an authority, did he commence issuing Fatwa. }. The Fuqaha-e-Saba' of Madina are: Imam Abu Hanifa benefited from nearly 4,000 Shaikhs. In modern times, the Imam is increasingly in a position to educate and reform youth away from radical or extremist viewpoints. His pupils compiled his works, Fatwas, teachings, etc., and promoted the Shafi'ee School of Fiqah. They may or may not have enjoyed leadership in a political sense, but they were the people of higher knowledge, spirituality, and devotion of their times. Kufa was founded in 17 A.H. by Hazrat Umar ibn Khattab (ra) the 2nd Khalif. The various sects of Shiite Islam have different views of who were imams after Husayn. Imam Musa Kazim (7) 7 Safar 129 AH/Oct 27, 745 (Thurs) al-Abwa, 7 mi from Medinah: 25 Rajab 183 AH/Sep 1, 799 (Sunday) Kadhimiya : Son of Imam Ja'far Sadiq, died in prison: Imam … IMAM MALIK IBN ANAS (ra) - ADDITIONAL FACTS She had no political voice until … And it is from these persons that the Shaikhs of Imam Malik benefitted, in particular Hazrat Rabi'atur Raai who is the most important Shaikh of Imam Malik (ra). Incensed by this reply, Al-Mansoor charged the Imam with contempt, had him arrested and locked in prison. Since this fatwa was not in the interest of the ruler, the governor arrested the Imam and had him publicly flogged for the "crime". In 180 A.H., when he was 16 years old, he began to persue the knowledge of Ahadith under the Imam Abu Yusuf (the most important pupil of Imam Abu Hanifa (ra)). He lost his father when he was only three years old. The Hambalis represent the smallest group in the four Sunni Schools of Fiqah. The Immaculate Imams of the Ahlul-Bayt (a) preceded everyone else in the fields of virtue and perfection and won the loftiest honor of lineage and ranks. He delivered lectures on Islamic Law, and issued fatwas (Islamic Rulings) for nearly 62 years. Later when Mansoor learnt of this, he expressed regret and sent an apology to the Imam and requested the Imam to come to Baghdad, but the Imam refused. IMAM AHMAD IBN MUHAMMAD HAMBAL (ra) The first degree of guidance is general, given to all creation and covers everything that is in the universe. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. Records indicate the presence of 1050 Sahaba in Kufa of whom 24 were the participants of Badr. First Proposition: The Lord is on the straight path and in perfect moderation and His servants are also on the straight path and perfect moderation. Madina was the most important seat of Islamic learning as the immediate descendants of the Sahaba-e-Kiraam were inhabitants of the City. He even rebuked Al-Mansoor for talking loudly when some Ahadith were being discussed. At the age of 20, (170 A.H./785 A.C.) he went to Madina and became a student of Imam Malik (ra) who was greatly impressed with the young student who had memorized the Muatta. Later, whilst still a youngster he joined the Hadith classes of Naafe'. Main Page; English; Books; تعريب عنوان المادة . Later he also attended the classes of Imam Muhammad (another prominent pupil of Imam Abu Hanifa (ra)). Imam Malik made this comment: The Imam had mastered both Maliki and Hanafi Fiqah. After meeting with over a hundred Shaikhs, he is reputed to have made a collection of over a million Ahadith. The Mu'tazila controversy regarding the "immortality and creation of the Qur'an" was the cause of much trial in the life of the Imam, who suffered much over a period of nearly 15 years. Abu Abdullah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hambal was born in Baghdad in 164 AH. Many Shiites are "Twelvers" who believe in twelve imams. Baghdad being the Capital of the Muslim State was an important centre of learning during the Banu Abbas Era. It was his disciples & followers who later developed a Fiqah School based on Imam Malik's rulings. Among his first tutors was Imam-ush-Shua'raa Hazrat Naafe' bin Abdur Rahman (died - 169 A.H.) from whom he mastered the Qur'an. Later when Imam Shafi'ee came to Baghdad, Imam Hambal also joined him during the Imam's residence here and mastered from him Fiqah. Although he is the author of numerous books, his most important work is the Kitab-ul-Muatta, which deals with the subject of Islamic Law based on Ahadith and Sunnah. The Kitab-ul-Muatta is the earliest surviving book of its kind - written around 150 A.H. - and it is used in all Islamic institutions as one of the text books in the final year studies by graduating Ulama. Imam Shafi'ee (ra) never committed a major sin nor spoke a lie, nor did he swallow an unlawful morsel of food in his entire life. Besides Imam Malik, he studied Hadith under 81 Shaikhs. Their unanimous ruling was the basis of any verdict in the court of Madina in matters of Fiqah. IMAM SHAFI'EE (ra) - ADDITIONAL FACTS First Discourse: Propositions and Concepts of 'Idalah in Imam Khomeini's Perspective. This Kitab contains 1725 Ahadith of Rasulullah (saw). During Hadith lessons if anyone raised his voice, he would reprimand him and quote the Qura'nic verse ... adding that the command was applicable even now. He had great regard for Imam Malik. Imam Shafi'ee (RAH) was born in Ghazza, Syria in 150 A.H. (765 A.C.). For the purpose of his study, he sought out over 300 "Tabi'een" = those who saw the Sahaba/Companions of the Holy Prophet (saw), and acquired from them the knowledge of the Holy Prophet's (saw) Ahadith and Sunnah. Ar-Rasheed haroon ar-Rasheed was a patron of the respectable Imams of Islam incensed by reply! Report states that he did not regard himself fit for the Holy Prophet ( saw ) a... 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