The term organ encompasses reed organs and electronic organs but, unless otherwise specified, is usually understood to refer to pipe organs. This organ was called the "hydraulis" because it involved water. The history of the hydraulis The water-organ called “hydraulis” was a product of the advanced urban lifestyle of the ancient Mediterranean city of Alexandria. See more ideas about 3d reconstruction, organ music, keyboard musical instrument. 3rd century BC - the Hydraulis, ancient Greek water-powered organ played by valves. Previous exhibit  #7 #8 in the list of the 20 most popular exhibits #9 Next exhibit EXHIBITS > The musical instruments of ancient Greeks > The «hydraulis» (organ) of Ktesibios (the first keyboard instrument in the world) It was the first worldwide keyboard instrument that was invented by Ctesibius in the 3rd century B.C. Ctesibius, one of the most famous engineers of his time, built the first organ, which was operated by compressed air that was fi It was invented in the 3rd century B.C., probably by the Hellenistic scientist Ctesibius of Alexandria. It was the world's first keyboard instrument.Many centuries later it developed into the modern pipe organ. A hydraulis is an early type of pipe organ that operated by converting the dynamic energy of water (Ancient Greek: ὕδωρ, romanized: húdōr) into air pressure to drive the pipes (Ancient Greek: αὐλός, romanized: aulós).Hence its name hydraulis, literally "water (driven) pipe (instrument)." Nero himself promised to play in the Circus if he beat the Gaul. Anybody who was anybody got to play on the hydraulis. Bigwigs like Cicero compared organ music to the finest food and, um, physical pleasure. The hydraulis organ pictured in the Roman floor mosaic discovered in Leptis Magna was powered by a Top Answer The Zliten mosaic is a Roman floor mosaic from around the 2nd century AD, found in the city of Zliten in Libya, on the east coast of Leptis Magna. The first organ recorded was in Greece in the 3rd century: The word “organ” originates from the Greek word organon meaning “instrument” or “tool.” Ctesibius of Alexandria invented the organ, then called a hydraulis, which was operated through water pressure that created the needed wind pressure. Two examples of the ancient hydraulis have been excavated. 1st century (at least) - the Ptera and the Pteron, ancient Roman organ similar in appearance to the portative organs; 2nd century - the Magrepha, ancient Hebrew organ of ten pipes played by a keyboard The hydraulis remained a major part of … Jan 25, 2016 - Explore Stefanos Tsogias's board "Hydraulis ( Ύδραυλις )" on Pinterest. The water-organ called “hydraulis” was a product of the advanced urban lifestyle of the ancient Mediterranean city of Alexandria. It is attributed to the Hellenistic scientist Ctesibius of Alexandria, an engineer of the 3rd century BC. A hydraulis is an early type of pipe organ that operated by converting the dynamic energy of water (Ancient Greek: ὕδωρ húdōr) into air pressure to drive the pipes (Ancient Greek: αὐλός aulós).Hence its name hydraulis, literally "water (driven) pipe (instrument)." Ctesibius, one of the most famous engineers of his time, built the first organ, which was operated by compressed air that was first channeled through a container of water to equalize the pressure. A hydraulis is an early type of pipe organ that operated by converting the dynamic energy of water (Ancient Greek: ὕδωρ, romanized: húdōr) into air pressure to drive the pipes (Ancient Greek: αὐλός, romanized: aulós).Hence its name hydraulis, literally "water (driven) pipe (instrument)." 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