There are many lost works. Theodoret’s Religious History recounts the biographies of approximately 30 monks living in Northern Syria in the 4th and 5th centuries. Theodoret stands out prominently in the Christological controversies aroused by Cyril of Alexandria.  Theodoret′s regional (provincial) differentiation of Aramaic dialects included an explicit distinction between the "Syrians" (as Aramaic speakers of Syria proper, western of Euphrates), and the "Osroenians" as Aramaic speakers of Osroene (eastern region, centered in Edessa), thus showing that dialect of the "Syrians" (Aramaic speakers of proper Syria) was known to have somewhat different pronunciation from that of the "Osroenians" (speakers of Edessan Aramaic). This work is distinguished for clearness of arrangement and style.. Encouraged by the fact that his mother had been cured of a serious eye complaint and converted to a sober life by Peter the Galatian, an ascetic living in an unoccupied in the locality, Theodoret's parents sought further help from the local holy men, since she had been childless for twelve years. Exegetical material on the Gospels under his name in the catenae may have come from his other works, and foreign interpolations occur in his comments on the Octateuch. It excites our wonder at what Dr. Newman calls the "easy credence, or as moderns would say large credulousness," which appears more … CHAPTER III. He converted more than 1,000 Marcionites in his diocese, besides many Arians and Macedonians; more than 200 copies of Tatian's Diatessaron he retired from the churches; and he erected churches and supplied them with relics. In principle his exegesis is grammatical-historical; and he criticizes the intrusion of the author's own ideas. Saint Theodoret, known as Theodoret of Cyrus or Cyrrhus, (c. 393 – c. 457) was an influential author, theologian, and Christian bishop of Cyrrhus, Syria (423-457). CHAPTER IV. He thus illustrates that the overcoming of the Galenic paradigm is also proof that the holy men surpass the work of magicians. CHAPTER I. Contact information. The text dates to either 440 or 444. The Circumstances of Writing the religious history 102 Theodoret and the Monastic Legislation of chalcedon 105 Monasticism and the Church according to Theodoret 105 The Legislation of Chalcedon 108 The Historical Context 109 The Meaning 110 The Import 111 GeneraL concLusion 116 i. first section: The history of Monasticism in northern syria To the same belong chapters xiii-xv, xvii, and brief parts of other chapters of the fragments which, Baur, Chrysostom. 3. theodoret. He paid weekly visits to Peter the Galatian, was instructed by Macedonius and other ascetics, and at an early age became a lector among the clergy of Antioch. Theodoret, the Church historian says he was consecrated bishop by St. Peter, who was at first bishop of Antioch before going to Rome. 457 is the traditional date, 466 has held the field for some decades (by E Honigmann (1953)) but 460 is now proposed (by Y Azema(1984). He played a pivotal role in many early Byzantine church controversies that led to … Theodoret mentions having written against Arius and Eunomius, probably one work, to which were joined the three treatises against the Macedonians. : from the twentieth year of Constantine down to the reign of Leo I, in whose reign he died.” 104. Another surviving work is the Expositio rectae fidei. Theodoret was compelled to leave Cyrrhus and retire to his monastery at Apamea. Theodoret, the most reverend bishop, passed into the midst, and said: "I have made my petition to the most divine and religious Emperor, and I have laid documents before the most reverend bishops occupying the place of the most sacred Archbishop Leo; and if you think fit, they shall be read to you, and you will know what I think.' In this, her second book, Theresa Urbainczyk demonstrates how one collection of saints' lives—the Religious History of Theodoret, bishop of Cyrrhus—both prescribes and describes the relationship between ascetics and the early church. Theodoret was born, probably in 393, of a well-to-do, though not aristocratic, Antiochene family. (To help fight spam, this address might change occasionally.)
. The court excluded Theodoret from the Second Council of Ephesus in 449 because of his antagonism to Cyril. He is the second of the saints of Theodoret's "Religious History," where we read that he lived on millet bread, which he ate once a week, and performed various miracles, which are recorded by Theodoret on the authority of Acacius. A few extracts from the five orations on Chrysostom were preserved by Photius (codex 273). They were most probably delivered to the cultured Greek congregation of Antioch, sometime between 431 and 435. Theodoret was determined to preserve the peace of the Church by seeking the adoption of a formula avoiding the unconditional condemnation of Nestorius, and toward the close of 434 strove earnestly for the reconciliation between the Eastern churches. His writings against Cyril were later condemned at the second Council of Constantinople (553). N. Glubokovskij counts Eusebius, Rufinus, Philostorgius, and, perhaps, Sabinus. His aim is to avoid a one-sidedness of literalness as well as of allegory. He clearly, also, though, received an extensive classical education, unsurprisingly for the child of prosperous parents in a city which had long been a centre of secular learning and culture. As such, it forms one of the last Apologies written, since in an age when Christianity was dominant, the need for apologies gradually died out. Valuable though not binding is the exegetical tradition of the ecclesiastical teachers. (. For example, Urbainczyk examines how Theodoret’s mother functions in the narrative only to disappear when she is no long useful. The Three-Chapter Controversy led to the condemnation of his writings against Cyril in the Second Council of Constantinople (553). These letters provide glimpses of rural Christianity in northern Syria, as well as insight into episcopal relationships; hints of the development of Christological issues between the Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon can be seen; there are letters of consolation and commendation; throughout there is revealed the generous and sensitive soul of a pastor. After the death of Cyril, adherents of the Antiochian theology were appointed to bishoprics. The truth is self-consistent where it is not obscured with error and approves itself as the power of life; philosophy is only a presentiment of it. by Baxter in 1847. The obvious parallel that comes to mind from this same period is Eudocia. Design of the History. An Eng. In the 440s, motivated as much by theological concerns as by the need to situate Syrian ascetics in a spiritual context, Theodoret wrote the Religious History (or History of the Monks of Syria), a series of portraits of Syrian ascetics. The writing of a saint's life can be as political as it is pious. The biblical authors are, for Theodoret, merely the mouthpieces of the Holy Spirit, though they do not lose their individual peculiarities. Why is ISBN important? Epist. There exist also his books of Ecclesiastical History, which he wrote in imitation of Eusebius of Cæsarea, beginning from the end of the books of Eusebius down to his own time, viz.  Julianus Sabas (i.e. John, reconciled to Cyril by the emperor's order, sought to bring Theodoret to submission by entrenching upon his eparchy. trans. It is a document of remarkable significance for understanding the complexities of the role of early monastics, both in society and in the church; it is also remarkable for presenting a model of ascetic authority which runs strongly against Athanasius's Life of Antony. Not binding is the exegetical writings of Justin Martyr, Rufinus, Philostorgius, supplements! 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